Many people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms. Some people do not find out they have the disease until they have diabetes-related health problems, such . The underlying cause of diabetes varies by type. But, no Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar is elevated. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but losing weight, eating well and exercising can help manage the disease. If diet and exercise aren't.
Diabetes Symptoms of & Causes
Losing weight and having a more healthful diet can often help prevent the disease. Doctors do not know the exact causes of type I diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, also known as insulin resistance , has clearer causes. Insulin allows the glucose from a person's food to access the cells in their body to supply energy. Insulin resistance is usually a result of the following cycle:.
In the case of type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance takes place gradually. This is why doctors often recommend making lifestyle changes in an attempt to slow or reverse this cycle.
Learn more about the function of insulin by clicking here. If a doctor diagnoses a person with type 2 diabetes, they will often recommend making lifestyle changes to support weight loss and overall health. A doctor may refer a person with diabetes or prediabetes to a nutritionist. A specialist can help a person with diabetes lead an active, balanced lifestyle and manage the condition. People can also take steps to reduce their body mass index BMI , which can help some people with type 2 diabetes manage the condition without medication.
Learn how to manage and treat diabetes by clicking here. People with type I diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes may need to inject or inhale insulin to keep their blood sugar levels from becoming too high. Various types of insulin are available, and most are grouped by how long their effect lasts.
There are rapid, regular, intermediate, and long-acting insulins. Some people will use a long-acting insulin injection to maintain consistently low blood sugar levels.
Some people may use short-acting insulin or a combination of insulin types. Whatever the type, a person will usually check their blood glucose levels using a fingerstick. This method of checking blood sugar levels involves using a special, portable machine called a glucometer. A person with type I diabetes will then use the reading of their blood sugar level to determine how much insulin they need. Self-monitoring is the only way a person can find out their blood sugar levels. Assuming the level from any physical symptoms that occur may be dangerous unless a person suspects extremely low glucose and thinks they need a rapid dose of glucose.
The discovery of insulin was fascinating and controversial. Click here to learn more. Insulin helps people with diabetes live an active lifestyle. However, it can lead to serious side effects, especially if a person administers too much. Excessive insulin can cause hypoglycemia , or extremely low blood sugar, and lead to nausea, sweating, and shaking. It is essential that people measure insulin carefully and eat a consistent diet that balances blood sugar levels as much as possible.
Self-monitoring blood sugar levels is vital for effective diabetes management , helping to regulate meal scheduling, physical activity, and when to take medication, including insulin. While self-monitoring blood glucose SMBG machines vary, they will generally include a meter and test strip for generating readings and a lancing device to prick the skin for obtaining a small quantity of blood.
Refer to the specific instructions of a meter in every case, as machines will differ. However, the following precautions and steps will apply to many of the machines on the market:. A person who is self-monitoring diabetes uses a device called a lancet to prick the skin.
While the idea of drawing blood might cause distress for some people, the lancing of the finger to obtain a blood sample should be a gentle, simple procedure. While remembering to self-monitor involves lifestyle adjustments, it need not be an uncomfortable process.
Diabetes is a serious, chronic condition. While diabetes itself is manageable, its complications can severely impact on daily living, and some can be fatal if not treated immediately. In the case of kidney disease, this complication can lead to kidney failure, water retention when the body does not dispose of water correctly, and a person experiencing difficulties with bladder control.
Women who are overweight or obese may already have insulin resistance when they become pregnant. Gaining too much weight during pregnancy may also be a factor. Having a family history of diabetes makes it more likely that a woman will develop gestational diabetes, which suggests that genes play a role.
Genetic mutations , other diseases, damage to the pancreas, and certain medicines may also cause diabetes. Some hormonal diseases cause the body to produce too much of certain hormones, which sometimes cause insulin resistance and diabetes. Pancreatitis , pancreatic cancer, and trauma can all harm the beta cells or make them less able to produce insulin, resulting in diabetes. If the damaged pancreas is removed, diabetes will occur due to the loss of the beta cells.
However, statins help protect you from heart disease and stroke. For this reason, the strong benefits of taking statins outweigh the small chance that you could develop diabetes. If you take any of these medicines and are concerned about their side effects, talk with your doctor.
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Diabetes Overview What is Diabetes? Symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and urination increased hunger fatigue blurred vision numbness or tingling in the feet or hands sores that do not heal unexplained weight loss Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can start quickly, in a matter of weeks.
What causes type 1 diabetes? What causes type 2 diabetes? Overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are not physically active and are overweight or obese.
Insulin resistance Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance , a condition in which muscle, liver , and fat cells do not use insulin well. Genes and family history As in type 1 diabetes, certain genes may make you more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. What causes gestational diabetes? Weight loss Diet and exercise can help to reverse prediabetes. Prediabetes Cookbook Over 50 lower-carb breakfast, lunch and dinner ideas for the whole family. Prediabetes Forum Ask questions and find support from other people with prediabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes symptoms Newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes in children Causes of type 1 diabetes Controlling type 1 diabetes Treating type 1 diabetes Diet for type 1 diabetes Carbohydrate counting Low carb diet Hypoglycemia Ketoacidosis. How to test your blood glucose Video guide on testing your blood glucose with a blood glucose meter. How to inject insulin Watch our video guide on how to inject insulin. What is a hypo? What hypoglycemia is and how to recognise hypoglycemia symptoms.
Talk to others with T1D Ask questions and find support from other people with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes symptoms Newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes Causes of type 2 diabetes Controlling type 2 diabetes Treating type 2 diabetes Diet for type 2 diabetes Low carb lifestyle Physical activity Weight loss Reversing type 2 diabetes.
Talk to others with T2D Ask questions and find support from other people with type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose testing Self monitoring can reduce HbA1c in people with type 2. Low Carb Program Join thousands of people taking control of their blood glucose. Can I eat fruit? Nutrition Food groups Vitamins and minerals Difference between simple and complex carbs Sugar vs fat Supplements Sweeteners.
Download the Recipe Cookbook Download the free page, recipe cookbook! Diabetes Recipe App Get all of the recipes ever published on your phone or tablet. Blood glucose Blood glucose level ranges Blood glucose levels during pregnancy Fasting blood glucose level ranges Blood glucose meters Blood glucose testing Continuous glucose monitoring HbA1c How to test your blood glucose Ketones Testing for ketones Test strips.
Night time hypos Avoiding diabetic complications Bringing down high blood glucose levels How to treat a hypo. Blood glucose ranges Download a free chart of the IDF recommended blood glucose ranges. Insulin Injecting insulin How to inject insulin Adjusting basal and bolus doses Continuous glucose monitoring Insulin pens. Insulin pumps Getting a pump How insulin pumps work.
Research Artificial pancreas Encapsulation. Insulin Pumpers Forum Talk to other pumpers people who use a pump. Clinical Trials Take part in diabetes clinical trials. How does diabetes affect the body? Knowing how diabetes affects your body can help you look after your body.
Complications Forum Discuss complications in the Diabetes Forum.
Causes of Diabetes
Over a third of people with type 2 diabetes are unaware they have the disease and are not receiving the required treatment because, for many people, early. Type 2 diabetes, also known as insulin resistance, has clearer causes. Insulin allows the glucose from a person's food to access the cells in. WebMD offers a primer on type 2 diabetes. What causes this chronic condition, how do you know you have it, and what can you do about it?.