A good understanding of the most-prominent terpenes in cannabis - say, the top eight - is a solid place to start. But listing the top eight terpenes. If you are new to the world of cannabis, marijuana, and hemp, you are probably unfamiliar with words like cannabinoids and terpenes. What is. What's the difference between cannabinoids and terpenes? Learn what makes these two cannabis compounds unique and how they affect your body.
Terpenes Hemp Cannabinoids and List of
Terpenes are organic chemicals constituents of essential oils produced by most plants, and even some animals such as swallowtail butterflies and termites.
Terpenoids are derivatives of terpenes that have additional atoms due to oxidation, which is what happens when a cannabis flower is dried and cured. The two terms are often used interchangeably and they are pretty much similar in a way. They are the primary component of resin and they protect the flowers from predators. Many industries are using terpenes for making essential oils, health and beauty products—they are even used for making perfumes. Synthetic terpenes are used for flavoring and as food additives.
Here are a few more fun facts about terpenes: Natural rubber is made of them, as are many steroids. Terpenes give each strain its unique smell and taste. Not only that but they also enhance the health effects of cannabis by influencing how we process cannabinoids. Some of the common cannabis terpenes can be found in other plants, while others are exclusive to cannabis. They interact with the endocannabinoid system and assist cannabinoids in entering the bloodstream through a process called the entourage effect.
Myrcene, for instance, increases cell permeability and allows cannabinoids to get absorbed faster than they would get on their own. Limonene is responsible for increasing serotonin levels, a neurotransmitter in charge of our mood.
This explains why different strains may have different effects on our mood. The whole cannabis experience is suddenly starting to make sense, right? Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam back in , to represent the biological synergy of cannabinoids and other compounds like flavonoids and terpenes. This symbiosis between cannabinoids and terpenes is what gives cannabis its special powers, as it improves the absorption of cannabinoids, overcomes bacterial defense mechanisms and minimizes side effects.
Every terpene breaks down at a different temperature: Some terpenes are very effective in relieving stress, others are great when you need to relax, and some are awesome for boosting focus.
Take myrcene, one of the most abundant terpenes in cannabis, which is responsible for inducing sleep. Or limonene, the citrusy messenger in charge for making us feel uplifted after smoking a joint.
He also concluded that all green vegetables that contain this terpene are extremely beneficial for human use.
Shortly after that, Dr. Ethan Russo published an article in , in the British Journal of Pharmacology, and pointed out to the therapeutic properties of terpenes in cannabis, especially those missing in cannabis products that only contain a single molecule CBD oil as a primary example.
Further research discovered that terpenes, terpenoids and cannabinoids all have the ability to kill respiratory pathogens, for instance, the MRSA virus. Since there are around terpenes in cannabis, it would take us a while to go over each of them in great detail. The smell of Myrcene often reminds us of earthy, musky notes, similar to cloves. It also has a fruity, red grape-like aroma. Strains that contain 0. If you want to experience a stronger buzz from marijuana, eat a mango about 45 minutes before smoking.
Mango contains a significant amount of myrcene, so eating it before consuming cannabis will strengthen the effects of THC and increase the absorption rate of other cannabinoids. Limonene is the second most abundant terpene in cannabis, but not all strains necessarily have it.
As the name itself says, limonene produces a citrusy smell that resembles lemons, which is no surprise as all citrus fruits contain large amounts of this compound. Limonene is used in cosmetics and also in cleaning products. When it comes to its therapeutic purposes, limonene is a mood-booster and a stress-crusher. Researchers also found it to have anti-fungal and antibacterial properties, with one study even announcing that limonene may play a role in reducing tumor size.
Some good examples of these are O. With its spicy and floral notes, this terpene is one of the most abundant in the majority of strains out there and, together with myrcene produces that pungent and spicy scent. Linalool can also be found in lavender, mint, cinnamon, and coriander. Patients suffering from arthritis, depression, seizures, insomnia and even cancer, have all found relief with this amazing terpene.
Best known for its spicy and peppery note, caryophyllene is also found in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and spices like oregano, basil, and rosemary. Beta-caryophyllene binds to CB2 receptors, which makes it an ingredient in anti-inflammatory topicals and creams.
Caryophyllene is the only terpene that binds to cannabinoid receptors. Besides its analgesic and anxiolytic properties, some studies have found that caryophyllene has a very promising role in alcohol rehabilitation.
A group of scientists performed research on mice and found that this terpene reduces the voluntary intake of alcohol. They even recommended caryophyllene for treating alcohol withdrawal symptoms. These twin terpenes smell like pine trees which is also where they can be found in large amounts. Other plants rich in pinene include rosemary, orange peels, basil, parsley and cannabis, of course.
They also help improve the airflow and respiratory functions, while also helping reduce memory loss related to excessive THC consumption. Alpha-bisabolol also known as levomenol and bisabolol has a pleasant floral aroma and is also present in chamomile flower and candeia tree. This terpene found its use primarily in the cosmetics industry, but lately, it has caught the attention of researchers for its supposed medical benefits.
Alpha-bisabolol proved to be effective in treating bacterial infections and wounds and is a great antioxidant with anti-irritation and analgesic properties. Also known as cineole, eucalyptol is the primary terpene of the eucalyptus tree.
It produces minty tones but most cannabis strains only have it in traces. On average, it makes up around 0. Eucalyptol is extensively used in cosmetics as well as medicine. When it comes to its medical value, eucalyptol relieves pain but also slows down the growth of bacteria and fungus.
This one is a secondary terpene, found mostly in flowers like jasmine, lemongrass, and tea tree oil. Its smell is a mixture of rose, lemon and apple tones, and can be described in general as both woody and citrusy. Trans-nerolidol is best known for its antiparasitic, antioxidant, antifungal, anticancer and antimicrobial properties. Humulene is the first terpene found in hops and its aroma is made up of earthy, woody and spicy notes.
It has many medical properties. Also, it proved to be effective in suppressing appetite, which could make it a potential weight loss tool. Furthermore, like many other terpenes mentioned above, humulene also reduces inflammation, relieves pain and fights bacterial infections. This terpene is found in a number of plants, like rosemary, basil, bell peppers, cedar and pine. Its aroma is sweet and resembles the smell of cypress. When it comes to its medical properties, Delta 3 carene seems to be beneficial in healing broken bones, which is a beacon of hope for patients suffering from osteoporosis, arthritis and even fibromyalgia.
Interestingly enough, Delta 3 carene stimulates our memory and helps with memory retention. The best way to describe the smell of camphene is fir needles, musky earth, and damp woodlands. Camphene has great potential in medicine.
When mixed with vitamin C, it becomes a powerful antioxidant and it is widely used in conventional medicine as a topical for skin issues like eczema and psoriasis. Its greatest potential, however, lies in its ability to lower the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, both of which are connected to many cardiovascular diseases. This terpene is a good natural insect repellent, which makes it great for preventing diseases like the West Nile virus, which is passed by ticks, fleas, mosquitoes etc.
One study even found that borneol kills breast cancer cells. The aroma of terpineol can be described as floral-like, reminiscent of lilacs, apple blossom, and a hint of lemon. Terpineol tastes like anise and mint. Terpineol has a pleasant scent, similar to lilac, and is a common ingredient in perfumes, cosmetics, and food. Medical benefits of terpineol also include antibiotic and antioxidant properties. Besides cannabis, geraniol can be found in lemons and tobacco. In some ways, beta-caryophyllene acts like a cannabinoid, as it can stimulate the cannabinoid receptors in the body.
However, it is a terpene. It is also not exclusive to the hemp plant. Beta-caryophyllene will not get you high. CBD is a popular cannabinoid because it offers many of the benefits found in the hemp plant, but without the high.
Some people use marijuana solely for the high, not the health benefits. But other people just want to experience the relief that can be found in marijuana and have no interest in the psychoactive effect. For these people, CBD is the perfect solution. Usually, people prefer CBD from hemp plants. You get all the benefits of marijuana but none of the high or laziness that can come as a result of THC.
So what other cannabinoids are in hemp? These cannabinoids, like CBD, also offer health benefits to a person. For example, if the THC was exposed to too much light or heat as it grew, it will break down into CBN, changing its molecular structure. Scientists indicate through their research that CBN might be able to provide effects like anticonvulsive, appetite increase, and even antibacterial.
It also has a sedative effect. People have reported positive results of using CBN for pain relief as well. CBC is one of the less popular and little-known cannabinoids. However, in many strains, it is very prevalent. However, it does have effects on other parts of the body.
It is like CBD in this way as well. Its similarities to CBD continue. It can also serve as an effective painkiller. However, in addition to that, CBC also has anti bacterial and anti fungal properties.
CBG serves as a foundation for all other cannabinoids in the hemp plant. It helps to produce all the other cannabinoids from itself. What are the potential benefits that CBG may be able to offer? Like the other cannabinoids. It seems CBG has a lot of therapeutic health benefits up its sleeve with none of the high.
Some of the most common uses of CBG include pain relief, inflammation relief, antibacterial effects, antifungal effect. And even the ability to act as a neuroprotectant, or nourishment for the brain. Now that you know quite a bit about the cannabinoids and terpenes found in the hemp plant. Are you curious about the effects of the most popular and well-known cannabinoid out there — CBD? Many people all over the world are turning to CBD oil for its therapeutic properties.
It offers many of the benefits that people love about the marijuana family of plants, but none of the high. It offers all sorts of benefits, and people have reported a huge range of dramatic effects from using CBD. People are taking THC free CBD oil to treat a wide range of symptoms, from easing the misery of cancer treatments to slowing down the frequency of epileptic seizures. Of course, we do not yet have definitive proof from scientists that CBD can cure or treat anything.
Still, the anecdotal evidence rising from around the world is enough to convince many people. It simply offers the benefits of marijuana with none of the high. People turn to CBD for its wide range of benefits. It is known to provide pain relief, depression, and anxiety relief, help with sleeping, and more. People use it as a neuro protectant to nourish their brain and even rub CBD into their sore muscles for relief after a hard workout.
Are you ready to try hemp CBD for yourself? Did you learn about the difference between hemp and marijuana? Or seek relief from whatever symptoms you may be experiencing. We collected this information from various sources for the convenience of our customers. The statements made regarding these products were not evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products is not confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
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List of Hemp Cannabinoids and Terpenes
Download Table | List of Analyzed Terpenes and Cannabinoids from publication: Cannabis: From Cultivar to Chemovar II—A Metabolomics Approach to. The Benefits of the Most Common Terpenes Found in Hemp terpene but the most prevalent terpene found in most varieties of cannabis. As mentioned in our earlier Terpene series, there are more than terpenes in just one cannabis flower. Here are some of the most well.