In , California voters passed Proposition , making the Golden State the first in the union to allow for the medical use of marijuana. Since then, 32 more. In the United States, the use of cannabis for medical purposes is legal in 33 states, four (out of five) permanently inhabited U.S. territories, and the District of. This marijuana legalization map clearly defines the laws in each state and is this interactive map for information on legalization, medical use, recreational use, .
Marijuana States Medical
Most recently, Michigan voters approved a ballot measure permitting adults age 21 and over to purchase and possess recreational-use marijuana. Vermont became the first state earlier this year to legalize marijuana for recreational use through the legislative process, rather than via a ballot measure. Vermont's law allows for adults age 21 and over to grow and possess small amounts of cannabis. However, it does not permit the sale of nonmedical cannabis. Some other state laws similarly decriminalized marijuana, but did not initially legalize retail sales.
Most other states allow for limited use of medical marijuana under certain circumstances. Some medical marijuana laws are broader than others, with types of medical conditions that allow for treatment varying from state to state. Louisiana, West Virginia and a few other states allow only for cannabis-infused products, such as oils or pills. Other states have passed narrow laws allowing residents to possess cannabis only if they suffer from select medical illnesses.
Our map shows current state laws and recently-approved ballot measures legalizing marijuana for medical or recreational purposes. The addition of opioid use disorder as a qualifying condition comprises a revision to the Final Agency Decision on new qualifying conditions first issued by DOH Commissioner Shereef Elnahal on March 22, On this website you will find guidance for patients, physicians, alternative treatment center operators, and residents.
The Department has added five new categories of debilitating conditions effective March 27, , which will expand the number of patients eligible to participate in the Medicinal Marijuana Program. Interested in how the program works but are not sure where to start? Learn about the patient process with our printable overview poster. Use the following links to find answers to the MMP's most frequently asked questions. Due to the development of the program, questions and answers are subject to change.
Visit this section periodically to stay updated with current information. The National Association of Counties has called on Congress to "enact legislation that promotes the principles of federalism and local control of cannabis businesses Delegates at the Democratic National Convention voted to approve a party platform calling for cannabis to be removed from the list of Schedule I drugs.
Former talk show host Montel Williams is a well-known advocate who uses cannabis to treat his multiple sclerosis , a topic he has testified about in a number of states considering medical cannabis legislation. Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders has also testified in support of medical cannabis legislation in several states. Rohrabacher R—CA has been particularly active in congressional reform efforts, introducing multiple medical cannabis bills including the Rohrabacher—Farr amendment for a number of years until it became law in Eugene Monroe , Derrick Morgan , Kyle Turley , and Jim McMahon are among a group of NFL players that have advocated for allowing the use of cannabis in the league, as a treatment option for concussions and a pain reliever that can reduce reliance on addictive opioid drugs.
Sanjay Gupta , neurosurgeon and chief medical correspondent for CNN , has produced a four-part documentary series for the network — titled Weed — arguing in favor of the medical benefits of cannabis. However, the AAP also supports rescheduling of cannabis for the purpose of facilitating research. Bob Barr was a particularly ardent opponent of medical cannabis in Congress, introducing the "Barr amendment" which blocked implementation of a Washington, D.
The American Medical Association  and American College of Physicians  do not take a position on the legalization of medical cannabis, but have called for the Schedule I classification to be reviewed. The American Academy of Family Physicians similarly does not take a position, but does support rescheduling in order to facilitate research.
There are currently four cannabinoid drugs Marinol, Syndros, Cesamet, and Epidiolex available for prescription use in the United States. Non-Epidiolex CBD is also available for purchase from many online retailers, though the legality of these products is disputed. Dronabinol is synthetically manufactured THC. Marinol is a sesame oil suspension of dronabinol encapsulated in a gelatin shell.
Syndros is a liquid oral formulation of dronabinol approved for treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting as well as AIDS-related weight loss. Nabilone is a synthetic cannabinoid similar in molecular structure to THC. Cesamet received FDA approval in for treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Cannabidiol CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is extracted from the cannabis plant. It has been approved by the FDA as the drug Epidiolex.
Epidiolex is a liquid oral formulation of cannabidiol approved for the treatment of Dravet syndrome and Lennox—Gastaut syndrome.
In addition to its use for treatment of seizure disorders, cannabidiol is used by some individuals under the belief that it possesses a number of other medical properties — but these claims have yet to be thoroughly studied and proven. A study found significant drops in violent crime in states that have legalized medical cannabis. A study found that legalizing medical cannabis in some states made residents of neighboring states increasingly tolerant toward cannabis regulation. Several studies have found decreased rates of opioid use and abuse in states that have legalized medical cannabis.
Several studies have found no increase in teen use in states that have legalized cannabis for medical purposes. Below is a comparison of medical conditions for which doctors can recommend cannabis in each state. The table does not include all approved conditions and could contain out-of-date information. Data additionally obtained from Leafly  and ProCon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Medical cannabis and Cannabis in the United States.
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State Marijuana Laws in 2018 Map
States that allow restricted use of medical marijuana include: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South . Updated medical and recreational-purpose marijuana laws by state. Medical marijuana laws by state. Includes fees, possession limits, and other medical marijuana program guidelines.