Mayo Clinic evaluates and treats nearly 8, adults and children with epilepsy each year. Its epilepsy care teams use advanced technology. Deep brain stimulation therapy is a surgical treatment which aims to reduce seizures not controlled with medication, and where surgery to treat the cause of. From medication and diet changes to implants and surgery, learn about the various options for epilepsy treatment.
There's a percentage of patients who are seizure-free with the device, but it's not a large percentage. For the majority of patients it simply reduces seizure numbers.
Do you have any patients who would be candidates for this device? We have several patients, actually. And we have several patients who have undergone testing to indentify where they have seizures.
We've been waiting for the opportunity to treat them with this device. Accessibility links Skip to main content Keyboard shortcuts for audio player. Shots - Health News The Food and Drug Administration approved a pacemaker-like device for patients whose epilepsy can't be controlled with drugs.
The device senses when seizures are coming and stops them by sending electronic signals through wires inserted deep in the brain. Facebook Twitter Flipboard Email. November 16, 3: Brooks-Kayal is a pediatric epilepsy specialist and past president of the American Epilepsy Society.
The stories of families eager to try medical marijuana are incredibly moving and completely understandable—because any parent of a child with such a life-altering condition would do everything in their power to make their child better. Unfortunately, there is currently no clear, scientific evidence showing that marijuana improves epilepsy in children.
Healthcare providers and families need comprehensive research to assess both the benefits and risks of medical marijuana with more certainty. When the results from these studies are fully available, we will better understand the potential role of CBD in treatment of epilepsy.
In these studies, pharmaceutical grade CBD oil, Epidiolex, is added to current seizure medication treatment regimes. It's important to note that the CBD oil used in the clinical trials is vastly different than the artisanal cannabis products available in Colorado. In states like Colorado, where medical marijuana and its derivatives are legal, the content of CBD products is not regulated for purity or uniformity.
Pharmacy-grade products like Epidiolex have followed Good Manufacturing Processes, meaning that the CBD content is measured by rigorous standards and is carefully monitored for additives or contaminants.
Even the equipment used for manufacturing these products meets rigorous standards. None of this is guaranteed to be true for the artisanal products. Medical providers at Children's Colorado do not prescribe or recommend medical marijuana outside of clinical trials at this time.
However, if a family chooses to explore the use of medical marijuana, we want to continue to provide care to their children. Most of these families have children with very complex medical needs, and Children's Colorado wants to continue to see them to help monitor them and the side effects they experience.
In this diet, called a ketogenic diet, the body breaks down fats instead of carbohydrates for energy.
After a few years, some children may be able to stop the ketogenic diet — under close supervision of their doctors — and remain seizure-free. Consult a doctor if you or your child is considering a ketogenic diet. It's important to make sure that your child doesn't become malnourished when following the diet. Side effects of a ketogenic diet may include dehydration, constipation, slowed growth because of nutritional deficiencies and a buildup of uric acid in the blood, which can cause kidney stones.
These side effects are uncommon if the diet is properly and medically supervised. Following a ketogenic diet can be a challenge. Low-glycemic index and modified Atkins diets offer less restrictive alternatives that may still provide some benefit for seizure control.
In vagus nerve stimulation, an implanted pulse generator and lead wire stimulate the vagus nerve, which leads to stabilization of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Deep brain stimulation involves implanting an electrode deep within your brain. The amount of stimulation delivered by the electrode is controlled by a pacemaker-like device placed under the skin in your chest.
A wire that travels under your skin connects the device to the electrode. A magnetic resonance imaging MRI scan of deep brain stimulation shows the location of electrodes placed in the brain.
Mayo Clinic is one of a very few medical centers in the U. It's also a leader in advancing the diagnosis and treatment of people with autoimmune epilepsy syndromes and houses a leading neuroimmunology laboratory.
Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease. In addition, make healthy life choices, such as managing stress, limiting alcoholic beverages and avoiding cigarettes.
Uncontrolled seizures and their effects on your life may at times feel overwhelming or lead to depression. It's important not to let epilepsy hold you back. You can still live an active, full life. If your seizures are so severe that you can't work outside your home, there are still ways to feel productive and connected to people. You may consider working from home.
Let people you work and live with know the correct way to handle a seizure in case they are with you when you have one. You may offer them suggestions, such as:. You're likely to start by seeing your family doctor or a general practitioner. However, in some cases when you call to set up an appointment, you may be referred immediately to a specialist, such as a doctor trained in brain and nervous system conditions neurologist or a neurologist trained in epilepsy epileptologist.
Because appointments can be brief, and because there's often a lot to talk about, it's a good idea to be well-prepared for your appointment. Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment, and what to expect from your doctor. Keep a detailed seizure calendar.
Each time a seizure occurs, write down the time, the type of seizure you experienced and how long it lasted. Also make note of any circumstances, such as missed medications, sleep deprivation, increased stress, menstruation or other events that might trigger seizure activity. Seek input from people who may observe your seizures, including family, friends and co-workers, so that you can record information you may not know.
Take a family member or friend along. Sometimes it can be difficult to remember all the information provided to you during an appointment. Someone who accompanies you may remember something that you missed or forgot. Also, because you may not be aware of everything that happens when you're having a seizure, your doctor may want to ask questions of someone who has witnessed them. In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor, don't hesitate to ask questions during your appointment at any time that you don't understand something.
Epilepsy care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis Diagnosing your condition. Vagus nerve stimulation In vagus nerve stimulation, an implanted pulse generator and lead wire stimulate the vagus nerve, which leads to stabilization of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Deep brain stimulation Deep brain stimulation involves implanting an electrode deep within your brain. Deep brain stimulation A magnetic resonance imaging MRI scan of deep brain stimulation shows the location of electrodes placed in the brain. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. References The epilepsies and seizures: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Accessed May 24, Evaluation and management of the first seizure in adults.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Medical Marijuana and Epilepsy
In fact, there are more than 20 different medications now on the market to treat epilepsy. Older medications which are still used to treat epilepsy. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are not diagnosable if the patient has epilepsy that produces hallucinations or delusions. This article. The use of cannabis to treat epilepsy and other neurological conditions has been It is also the first ever FDA approved medication to treat seizures in Dravet.